Hover Travelling and you can Bee Fly Varieties Range

Hover Travelling and you can Bee Fly Varieties Range

Bee Varieties Diversity

Away from 2009 so you can 2018, 192 bee diversity (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthophila) is involved for the Calanques Government Park thru one another online and might bowl trap show. They belonged to half dozen family members and 38 genera. Megachilidae are probably the most groups-rich family relations, followed by Apidae and you may Halictidae, which have 53, 44, and 43 groups, respectively. Andrena Fabricius, 1775 is simply the fresh richest genus, that have 33 range, while you are 7 genera was represented in the only one species (Stelis Panzer, 1806; Protosmia Ducke, 1900; Pseudoanthidium Friese, 1898; Coelioxys Latreille, 1809; Chelostoma Latreille, 1809; Anthidiellum Cockerell, 1904; Amegilla Friese, 1897; Panurgus Panzer, 1806; Supp Table step 1 [on the web just] ). Utilising the jackknife step one and you will 2 bots, the fresh bee variety richness is simply projected to be anywhere between ± nine.89 and you may ± . New viewed fullness ergo depicted 71.3 so you’re able to 79.6% of projected bee fullness ( Table dos). The newest Chao1 approach estimated the fresh seen fullness to acquire 76.8% of the possible limitation fullness ( Dining table dos). More plentiful variety is actually Apis mellifera L. (276 anyone), which have Rhodanthidium septemdentatum (Latreille, 1809), Rh. sticticum (Fabricius, 1787) (174 and you will 168 anybody, respectively), and you can Lasioglossum transitorium (Shenck, 1868) (113 people). In the course of time, fifty categories (26%) had been represented because of the only one personal (singletons).

Ecosystem Attributes from Bees

About your ecological attributes from nesting means, i understood 59 single bee species nesting over floors, ninety five solitary bee range nesting underground and you can 23 cleptoparasitic variety, just like 29.eight, 47.nine, and you can numerous.0% of done bee range fullness, correspondingly. I concept of five personal varieties (bumble bees and you can honey bees-dos.1%). Fundamentally, the brand new nesting choices off 14 range continue to be not familiar (seven.3%- Supp Table the first step [on the web merely] ). Regarding the floral eating plan off bee kinds, we learned that 105 systems (54.7%) foraged on many bush varieties (i.ages., generalist diversity, polylectic) and 51 varieties (26.5%) foraged using one plant friends or even that/couple bush types (i.many years., elite group kinds, oligolectic). With the kept thirty six bee variety (18.8%), the latest flowery diet plan wasn’t recognized (elizabeth.g., that have cleptoparasitic variety). perhaps not, very generalist varieties demonstrated a desires for one or lots off bush families ( Supp Dining table step 1 [on the internet simply] ). Towards 49 singletons, fourteen bee groups (28%) was actually experts, and you can 9 bee variety (18%) had been cleptoparasitic ( Supp Table step 1 [on the web only] ).

An enthusiastic IUCN condition are readily available for 178 variety (excluding the new classes property and you will unknown types). The most, 47 items try categorized due to the fact study without (DD-twenty six.4%), 124 variety had been at least concerned (LC-69.6%), six variety was near threatened (NT-step three.4%; Andrena ovatula (Kirby, 1802), Colletes albomaculatus (Lucas, 1849), Dasypoda argentata Panzer, 1809, Halictus quadricinctus (Fabricius, 1776), Lasioglossum prasinum (Smith, 1848), and you may L. pygmaeum (Schenck, 1853)), plus one kinds is assumed threatened (EN-0.6%; L. soror (Saunders, 1901)- Supp Dining table step one [on the internet simply] ). About three oligolectic classes was in fact one https://hookupwebsites.org/jwed-review/ of several seven threatened bee products. A good. ovatula and you will C. albomaculatus are pro towards Fabaceae, D. argentata is largely a professional on the Caprifoliaceae.

Out-of 2009 to 2018, 38 variety of hover flies (Diptera: Syrphidae) had been trapped in to the Calanques Federal Park. It belonged to 24 genera ( Supp Table dos [on the web merely] ). One particular abundant genera had been Paragus Latreille, 1804 (33 individuals), Meliscaeva Frey, 1946 (14 anybody), and you can Sphaerophoria Lepeletier de- Saint-Fargeau Audinet-Serville in Latreille, 1828 (13 some body), while 20 items (53%) was indeed depicted on the singular private ( Supp Desk 2 [on the web simply] ). The newest bee flies (Diptera: Bombyliidae) was in fact depicted of 20 species, together with five singletons (25%) ( Supp Dining table 3 [online only] ). Brand new quotation out-of full diversity fullness aside-regarding hover flies and you may bee flies are anywhere between 83 and 97 kinds by using the jackknife step one and you can dos spiders, correspondingly. For that reason, the fresh new viewed richness depicted 59.8–69.9% of one’s estimated hover fly and you will bee travel richness ( Dining table dos).

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